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macaron ripieno e ingredienti

The perfect Meringue

Meringueis is an extraordinary preparation made of egg whites and sugar that can be used for pastries (like macarons) or to add air to recipes (such as mousses).

Let’s find out how to make it at home!

Table of Contents

THE INGREDIENTS

The recipe for classic meringues is straightforward: you only need egg whites and sugar.

Thanks to the chemical nature of the egg whites, meringue can capture the air. Egg whites are mainly made up of 85% water and proteins (the two main ones are ovalbumin and conalbumin). During the stand mixer’s beating, the shape of the egg white proteins is modified by the whisk’s mechanical action, allowing the air to be incorporated and forming a stable foam.

My Recipe for Traditional Meringues

Here is a recipe for classic meringues. They are ideal for enjoying a good coffee or a cup of tea.
The recipe is straightforward, and you can easily prepare it with your children!
Preparation: 20 minutes
Cooking: 2 hours
Total Time: 2 hours 20 minutes
RECIPE FOR: 6 People

EQUIPMENTS

  • Stand Mixer
  • Baking Sheet

Ingredients

  • 300 gr Egg Whites
  • 300 gr Granulated Sugar Quantity1
  • 300 gr Granulated Sugar Quantity2

DIRECTIONS

  • Start frothing egg whites in a stand mixer at medium speed with 50g of granulated sugar (taken from quantity 1).
  • As soon as the mass begins to whip, continue adding the remaining sugar (Quantity 1), allowing the sugar to dissolve.
  • When the egg whites are whipped, incorporate the second quantity of granulated sugar, gently stirring with a spatula.
  • Shape the Meringues on baking paper with a pastry bag and bake 10min at 160°C (320°F) and complete cooking at 120°C (248°F) for 2hours keeping the oven door slightly ajar.

NOTES

If you like, you can add 120 to 200gr of dried fruit grains after the last dose of sugar (2).
In Biancolievito's Pastry School, you will discover all the secrets to prepare an excellent Meringue!
 

NUTRITION LABEL

Serving: 100g | Calories: 413kcal | Carbohydrates: 100g | Protein: 5g | Fat: 1g | Sodium: 84mg | Potassium: 82mg | Sugar: 100g | Calcio: 4mg | Ferro: 1mg

HOW TO MAKE MERINGUE

I suggest you start whipping the egg white at room temperature without sugar. Then, you can add it when the foam is formed after about 20 seconds.

Some people think that adding some lemon juice facilitates whipping. On the contrary, although it initially helps increase the mass volume, it dissolves the egg white liquid and deflates the mixture. I advise adding a pinch of salt, which can better stabilize the meringue.

During cooking, the temperature mustn’t be too high to generate too much steam in the oven. That would lead to breaking the base and meringues’ surface (with the exit of the classic sugar drops).

The ideal way to properly bake meringues is to heat them at around 150-160°C (302°F – 320°F) for the first 10 minutes and then bake at 100°C (212°F) for about 2 hours (depending on the size). In case you use a fan oven, I recommend you shield the ventilation to avoid the surface becoming uneven and the development not perfectly vertical.

Once baked, you can safely leave them in the oven, turned off and slightly ajar. This extra time will favor a perfect drying of the meringue.

COLORED MERINGUES

The best method for preparing fun-colored meringues is to use powder or gel food coloring.

For this, dissolve the color directly into the egg whites before whipping. Keep in mind that the final color of cooked meringues will be slightly lighter than it appears before cooking.

HOW TO MAKE MERINGUE WITH A THERMOMIX

We can also use a thermomix to prepare delicious homemade meringues using cold and hot techniques if available.

The procedure is effortless: First, put the egg whites and the sugar inside the bowl, using the butterfly accessory to whisk. I recommend you heat the mixture slightly, spinning for 10minutes at speed 2 and setting 40°C (86°F).

When the mixture begins to whip, turn off the heat and continue beating for another 5 minutes or so until it is fluffy.

THE VARIOUS TYPES OF MERINGUE

THE FRENCH MERINGUE

This preparation is suitable for classic meringues.

The standard recipe is:

  • Egg white 100gr
  • Granulated sugar 200gr

Start whipping the egg white at room temperature. When they have foamed (after a few seconds), add 1/3 of the sugar, always whisking at medium speed so that it dissolves.

When a stable foam has formed, slowly add the second part of sugar until the mass is fluffy.

Then, incorporate the third and last part of sugar by hand, stirring with a spatula or wooden spoon from the bottom up.

Shape with the pastry bag and bake at 120-130°C (248° – 266°F) for about 2 hours. Once cooked, let the meringues cool directly in the turned-off oven.

The egg white to sugar ratio varies between 1:2 to 1:3 (for a more solid meringue)

ITALIAN MERINGUE

It is primarily used to combine air into creams, mousses, and parfaits. Still, it can also be an excellent decoration for flaming desserts. Moreover, boiling sugar syrup sanitizes the meringue, making it safer for raw use (as in a lemon pie decoration).

Italian Meringue
TRY THIS

The syrup’s cooking temperature directly impacts the meringue’s stiffness. The higher the syrup’s cooking point, the stiffer the meringue.

Here’s an example. For the Butter Cream preparation, we will opt for a light structure so that the meringue can easily mix with butter, and we will cook the syrup at 116°C (241°F).
When preparing a Chocolate Mousse, we use a stiffer Italian meringue; in this case, we cook the syrup up to 121°C (250°F)

CHOCOLATE MERINGUES

The best way to prepare delicious chocolate meringues is to prepare an “Italian” meringue, using a sugar syrup at 116°C (241°F) and incorporate the melted chocolate at 40°C (104°F) into the mass.

Here is a classic recipe

  • Egg white 100gr
  • Granulated Sugar 300gr
  • Water 100gr
  • Chocolate 70% 80gr
  • Cocoa mass (alternatively use 99% chocolate) 50gr

Start preparing a syrup of sugar and water that you cook until 116°C (241°F).

When egg whites have already started to foam, pour the first half of the syrup, whipping at medium speed, and then finish the preparation with the last half.

Melt the chocolate in the microwave oven (or in a bain-marie) until it reaches 50°C (122°F). Lower its temperature to 40°C (104°F) and gently add it to the meringue.

Once finished, you can shape the meringues on a baking sheet and bake them as explained above.

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1 comment about “Tutti i Segreti per Meringhe Perfette”

  1. Buonasera, ho una curiosità sulla meringa italiana. Ho provato a ridurre la dose di zucchero totale (ad esempio per 100 gr di albumi 150 gr di zucchero), così da rendere meno dolce e stopposa la meringa. Il problema è che credo che abbia perso consistenza e tenuta (l’ho usata per decorare una torta). Non c’è una proporzione che mi consenta di avere una perfetta tenuta senza usare la quantità originale di zucchero? Grazie per l’eventuale risposta.

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